Massachusetts State Courts
The judicial system of Massachusetts has a lot of different trial courts, some with general jurisdiction and some with limited. These feed into a court of appeals (if required) and a state supreme court which acts as the court of last resort in the state. There is also one federal district court.
The trial court system is quite complex in the state, though it does have the same hierarchy as many other US states.
Massachusetts has Superior Courts which have jurisdiction over all civil actions that have a dollar value over $25,000. They also deal with all first-degree murder cases.
District courts have jurisdiction over criminal law and felonies which involve sentences of under 5 years. Claims of under $7,000 may also be heard here as small claims. Juvenile and housing cases are also commonly heard among the district courts.
Massachusetts does have specific Juvenile courts, too, which are given jurisdiction over adoption and some instances of child protection. Probate and family courts also exist within Massachusetts to deal with similar court cases, divorces and custody proceedings.
Boston is also one of the few courts to have specific Housing and Land Courts. The Land Courts have subject-matter jurisdiction over property titles. The Massachusetts Housing Courts handle evictions, civil matters such as health and safety and matters such as property damage and tenancy.
Other trial courts in Boston include the Municipal Courts. These work alongside superior courts and deal with criminal cases where the potential sentence is over five years. This court has civil jurisdiction, too.
|Court Name:||Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts|
|Address:||John Adams Courthouse, 1 Pemberton Square, Suite 2500, Boston, MA 02108|
Intermediate and Supreme Courts
There is an intermediate court in Massachusetts for appeals to be escalated from the trial courts. It also has the ability to review decisions from the Tax Board in Massachusetts. Cases are not retried here, but court justices will sit and review the cases. They can escalate further, to the Supreme Court, if required.
Massachusetts has one of the oldest Judicial Courts, the Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the state and can be dated back to the 1600s. In fact, it is the oldest appellate court in the whole of the USA.
Types of Courts in Massachusetts
How to Find Massachusetts Court Records Online
You can use our court records search to access the history of Massachusetts court records. Did you know that records from the state are available from way back in the 1600s. The records are gradually being digitized and made available online. The records are available under the Freedom of Information Act. You can access plea and sentencing details, arrest warrants and a variety of court records. Most are now available to view online rather than having to contact a court specifically as would have been required historically.
Barnstable County Superior Court
Address: 3195 Main St., P.O. Box 425, Barnstable, Massachusetts 2630
Berkshire County Superior Court
Address: 76 East St, Pittsfield, Massachusetts 1201
Bristol County Superior Court
Address: 9 Court St, Taunton, Massachusetts 2780
Bristol County Superior Court-Fall River
Address: 186 S. Main St., Fall River, Massachusetts 2720
Dukes County Superior Court
Address: 81 Main St., P.O. Box 1267, Edgartown, Massachusetts 2539
Essex County Superior Court
Address: 56 Federal St, Salem, Massachusetts 1970
Franklin County Superior Court
Address: 43 Hope St, Greenfield, Massachusetts 1301
Hampden County Superior Court
Address: 50 State St., P.O. Box 559, Springfield, Massachusetts 1102
Hampshire County Superior Court
Address: 15 Gothic St., P.O. Box 1119, Northampton, Massachusetts 1061
Middlesex County Superior Court
Address: 200 Trade Center, 2Nd Floor, Woburn, Massachusetts 1801